The male buffalo or “bull” is truly competitive by nature. They regularly compete for breeding and ranking within the gang, through head on clashes. In this case the strongest bull may mate with the female or lead the rest of the gang.
As a male, I am heavier and larger than the female species, weighing 650-800 kilograms. To determine my gender, you could identify the huge lumps at the start of my horns (Otherwise known as a ‘boss’). This is something that cow Buffaloes do not have. We often cover ourselves in mud to get rid of the insects which pester us. Another way we can do that is through Ox peckers. We are known to have a symbiotic relationship with these birds as they help us get rid of insects and alert us of danger. When any one of our gang members sense danger, they alert the entire herd. We then form a barrier, keeping the calves and cows sheltered while we stand in the frontline. We may also cause a stampede in defence. Those of us who have reached sexual maturity and are no longer able to compete for a mate, will naturally form a herd and stick together. During the dry season we split up from the herd and form bachelor groups, during the wet season the younger bulls re-join the gang to mate with the cows and protect the calves.
The preservation of the Buffalo species is the preservation of various other species. According to the Animal Diversity Web , their grazing opens vegetation for species such as Zebra or Wildebeest who follow the path of the buffaloes. This is due to their cyclical grazing which manipulates the vegetation within their habitat. (It allows the growth of grass and herbs between the cycles.) The male Buffalo as shown above; is important for the protection of the rest of the herd in times of danger, for this reason we believe it is vital to protect the species at all costs so that they do not face danger in the future.
Wild and Free Foundation (WFF) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization in the USA. WFF is registered as a section 18A public benefit organization (PBO) in South Africa. USA EIN #47-2266595 SA PBO #930061358