The female Buffalo, also known as ‘Cow’, are somewhat red brown and have narrow horns. They weigh 550-700 kilograms which makes them slightly smaller than the bull. Much of the gang is made up of female relatives and their young.
I am the marvelous cow Buffalo. I am large and stocky; my horns are relatively narrow. Underneath my horns are my ears, slanted with long strands of hair on the edges. My stature is similar to that of an actual cow, although I can be identified by my horns and ears. My role in the ecosystem is to lead, give birth, raise my young and protect my family. I have such strong maternal instincts that I will often raise calves who do not belong to me but belong to one of my fellow herd members. We have extraordinarily strong bonds with our calves and have a form of communication specifically used between mothers and calves. I usually give birth after roughly 11 months and only once every two years. This is much slower than other wildlife species however, there are around 900 000 of us in Africa. Calves are often the same age as we have a system whereby, we birth seasonally where there is less rainfall.
Cow Buffaloes give birth standing upright. In a video posted by the YouTube channel ‘Kruger Sightings’ [December 2016], a mother is seen wearily stumbling around, whilst pushing a calf out with all her strength. She remained on her feet until the calf finally fell out. This is common in bovine animal species. From then onward she is committed to nursing and caring for her young and will protect them at any expense. It is important that cow Buffaloes are guarded as they provide the family with protection and guidance in the way that a human mother does.
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